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Undergraduate Admissions Information
Office of Undergraduate Admissions
Madonna University
36600 Schoolcraft Road
Livonia, Michigan 48150-1176
(734) 432-5339 or (800) 852-4951, ext. 5339
Fax (734) 432-5424
Email: admissions@madonna.edu

Humanities Minor
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Humanities Minor    
   Minor Courses (24 cr. to be chosen)    
      HUM 2010/2020/3050 Option (4 cr. to be chosen)    
         HUM 2010    
         HUM 2020   Humanities Through the Arts 4 cr.  Telecourse introduction to artistic expression in the arts and humanities areas of: architecture, art history, drama, literature, music, painting, photography, and sculpture. Videotapes and texts, blended with monthly class sessions and writing projects. 
         HUM 3050   The Idea of Justice 4 cr.  An interdisciplinary study of justice based on an analysis of humanities texts from a variety of discourse communities in order to develop an appreciation of diverse concepts and expressions of justice. 
      HUM 3080/3090 Option (4 cr. to be chosen)    
         HUM 3080   Nature and Scope of Inquiry 3 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  Theme-based, highly interactive interdisciplinary course designed to enable students to explore the different approaches and ways of knowing that contribute to understanding and resolving complex issues, problems, or dilemmas of contemporary life. The course focuses on a compelling theme and is designed to develop the commitment to intellectual inquiry, humanistic values, and service to others as embodied in the mission of the University. 
         HUM 3090   Holocaust: Issues & Themes in the Genocide of European Jewry 4 cr.  Examination of the social and political forces and actions that enabled the Nazi regime to plan and carry out the systematic extermination of European Jewry. Analysis of the Nazi genocidal agenda, utilizing materials from history, literature, film, music, and the fine arts. An overview of the roots of anti-Semitism and of how a modern authoritarian regime employed historic stereotypes and prejudices in effectively enlisting a majority of its citizens in active or passive criminal complicity. Examination of the institutions of mass murder, the silence of church and state, and, despite this silence, the forces of resistance. Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of instructor. 
      Minor electives (16 cr. to be chosen)    
         Art    
            ART 1010   Drawing Foundations for Art and Design 3 cr.  Introduction to drawing and two-dimensional design with a variety of media and approaches. Students explore observational and expressive drawing along with the elements and principles of art and design. No prior experience needed. 
            ART 1030   Painting Foundations for Art and Design 3 cr.  Introduction to painting with a variety of acrylic and watercolor media. Students explore observational and expressive painting techniques and learn color theory along with the elements and principles of art and design. No prior experience needed. 
            ART 1040   Ceramics Foundations for Art and Design 3 cr.  Introduction to hand building clay vessels and sculptural forms using a variety of expressive methods. Students explore forming and glazing techniques along with art elements and design principles. No prior experience needed. 
            ART 1060   Printmaking Foundations for Art and Design 3 cr.  Introduction to printmaking with relief printing, silkscreen and intaglio. Students explore creative expression with each printmaking process, along with the elements and principles of art and design. No prior experience needed. 
            ART 1710   Graphic Design I (ART*/JRN) 3 cr.  Overview of the field of graphic design, with emphasis on basic terminology, process, and procedure. The elements and principles of successful graphic design are introduced and practiced through hand-rendered and digital projects. Corequisite: ART 1720, ART 1730, or permission of instructor. 
            ART 1720   Digital Imaging 3 cr.  An introduction to the uses of Adobe Illustrator. Students master key Adobe Illustrator program functions, including tools and palettes, in creating digital images. In this course students create projects that demonstrate a clear understanding of these digital visual communication tools. 
            ART 1730   Digital Layout 3 cr.  An introduction to and use of Adobe InDesign for creating clear, creative layouts of visual communications. Students master key program functions, including tools and palettes, in creating digital layouts using Adobe InDesign. 
            ART 2010   Drawing II 3 cr.  Drawing a variety of subjects, students continue to develop skills and personal approaches to creating expressive compositions while exploring tools and media. Includes introduction to drawing the human figure and alternative drawing methods. Prerequisite: ART 1010. 
            ART 2030   Painting II 3 cr.  Introduction to using traditional materials, tools and methods of oil painting. Painting from a variety of subjects including the human figure, students continue to develop skills and personal approaches to creating expressive compositions. Prerequisite: ART 1030. 
            ART 2040   Ceramics II 3 cr.  Forming clay using a variety of subjects, students continue to develop skills and personal approaches to creating expressive sculptural forms and vessels while exploring tools and media. Course includes expansion of hand building and glazing techniques and learning the basics of wheel throwing and kiln firing. Prerequisite: ART 1040. 
            ART 2050   Typography 3 cr.  An exploration of the history and current use of typography within the graphic design community. With introduction to terminologies, letterforms, and the uses of typography as an art form, these aspects are explored through the creation of hand-rendered and digital projects. Students are encouraged to use typography to meet specific graphic needs for specific target audiences. Recommended prerequisite: ART 1720 or ART 1730 or permission of instructor. 
            ART 2060   Printmaking II 3 cr.  Drawing from a variety of subjects, students continue to develop skills and personal approaches to creating expressive compositions with more complex relief printing techniques. Course emphasizes quality printing, experimentation and relevant aesthetics. Prerequisite: ART 1060. 
            ART 2100   Illustration 3 cr.  An overview of the field of Illustration, with introduction of the use of research and reference materials. Projects explore composition and use of different media. Students are encouraged to develop conceptual solutions to specific needs and visually communicate those solutions to target audiences. Prerequisite or corequisite: ART 1010, ART 1030 or permission of instructor. 
            ART 2710   Graphic Design II 3 cr.  Exploration of the printing process and formats for graphic design. The elements and principles of successful graphic design are developed to an intermediate level of proficiency through projects that include editorial design, book design, identity branding, environmental design, and packaging design. Prerequisite: ART 1710; corequisite: ART 1720 or ART 1730. 
            ART 3010   Drawing III - Advanced Studio 3 cr.  Exploration of anatomy and drawing the human figure, with focus on proportion, gesture, and composition. Includes continued experimentation with drawing techniques and materials. Individualized goals to be determined with instructor at start of course. Prerequisite: ART 1010, ART 2010. 
            ART 3030   Painting III - Advanced Studio 3 cr.  Continue skill and concept development in water-based, oil or alternative painting media and methods. May include approaches to collage and mixed media. Course continues painting the human figure. Individualized goals to be determined with instructor at start of course. Prerequisites: ART 1030, ART 2030. 
            ART 3040   Ceramics III - Advanced Studio 3 cr.  Individualized instruction in advanced technical and aesthetic skills in using the potter’s wheel and more sophisticated hand building techniques to create functional or sculptural objects. Kiln firing and glaze mixing skills are expanded. Creative goals are determined with instructor at the start of the course. Prerequisites: ART 1040, ART 2040. 
            ART 3060   Printmaking II - Advanced Studio 3 cr.  In-depth exploration of serigraphy (silkscreen) and techniques, with additional emphasis on quality printing, experimental and multi-screen printing, and aesthetics. Individualized goals to be determined with instructor at the start of the course. Prerequisites: ART 1060, ART 2060. 
            ART 3740   Graphic Design III 3 cr.  Examination of advanced terminology, processes, procedures and collaborative work in graphic design. Special emphasis on advertising design formats, including ad campaigns, guerilla advertising, and promotional advertising. Prerequisite: ART 2710 or permission of instructor. 
            JRN 3130   Photography I (ART/JRN*) 3 cr.  Basic digital photography; principles of light, lenses, and composition; participation in all phases of digital work flow from initial composition to final image. Required for students seeking teaching certification with a Journalism minor. 
            JRN 3140   Photography II (ART/JRN*) 3 cr.  Further exploration of photography including digital and chemical-based imaging. Digital and chemical printing, negative development, archival and fine art black-and-white printing. Class culminates with a portfolio project in either print or digital media. Prerequisite: JRN 3130 or permission of instructor. 
            ART 3150   Photoshop (ART*/BCA/JRN) 3 cr.  Introduction to a variety of image processing capabilities, with an emphasis on the development of original raster images related to art, design and motion graphics. Students learn various components of Adobe Photoshop including, image conversion, compositing, color correction, manipulating layers, working with paths, and print preparation. 
            ART 3210   The Moving Image (Animation) (ART*/BCA) 3 cr.  The creation of movement and animation through the use of sequential images, drawing, and software tools. Methods of hand-drawn animation, rotoscoping, keyframe animation, and compositing. Students develop filmmaking skills from concept to finished work through group projects, classroom workshops, and individual projects. Prerequisites: ART 1050; ART 2070, and ART 3150; or permission of instructor. 
            ART 3800   Web Design for Graphic Designers 3 cr.  Students build on previous computer and design skills to master key program functions, including tools and palettes, in constructing websites. Course addresses uses of specific web-design programs such as Flash or Dreamweaver. Recommended prerequisite: ART 1720, ART 1730, ART 3150, or permission of instructor. 
            BCA 3840   Visual Effects and Compositing I (ART/BCA*) 3 cr.  Aspects of visual effects and compositing for film and video: students solve problems faced when dealing with visual integration, discover solutions to working with poorly shot scenes, rotoscoping, 2D tracking, color grading, as well as wire and rig removal. Prerequisites: BCA 2810; or ART 1050 and ART 1210; or permission of instructor. 
            BCA 3850   Visual Effects and Compositing II (ART/BCA*) 3 cr.  Advanced visual effects and compositing theory and techniques, including blue-screen compositing and 3D environments. Prerequisites: BCA 3840/ART 3840 or permission of instructor. 
            ART 4010   Drawing IV - Advanced Studio 3 cr.  Focused experimentation with materials, refinement of techniques and artistic problem solving are emphasized for developing a personal body of work. Independent drawing challenges and creative goals are determined with instructor at the start of the course. Prerequisites: ART 1010, ART 2010, ART 3010. 
            ART 4030   Painting IV - Advanced Studio 3 cr.  Experimentation with materials, refinement of techniques and artistic problem solving are emphasized for developing a personal body of work. Independent painting challenges and creative goals are determined with instructor at start of course. Prerequisites: ART 1030, ART 2030, ART 3030. 
            ART 4040   Ceramics IV - Advanced Studio 3 cr.  Experimentation with materials, refinement of techniques and artistic problem solving are emphasized for developing a personal body of work. Independent ceramic challenges and creative goals are determined with instructor at the start of the course. Prerequisites: ART 1040, ART 2040, ART 3040. 
            ART 4060   Printmaking IV - Advanced Studio 3 cr.  Experimentation with materials, refinement of techniques and artistic problem solving are emphasized for developing a personal body of work. New planographic techniques are presented. Independent printmaking challenges and creative goals are determined with instructor. Prerequisites: ART 1060, ART 2060, ART 3060. 
            ART 4400   Independent Studio A 2 cr. (Not To Exceed 3 cr.)  Independent guided work in an expanded art discipline, experimental media or new techniques. Artistic challenges and creative goals are determined with instructor. Permission of Art Department Chair and instructor required. 
            ART 4410   Independent Studio B 2 cr. (Not To Exceed 3 cr.)  Independent guided work in an expanded art discipline, experimental media or new techniques. Artistic challenges and creative goals are determined with instructor. Permission of Art Department Chair and instructor required. 
            ART 4740   Graphic Design IV 3 cr.  Advanced-level exploration of processes and procedures in graphic design. Special emphasis on branding and identity design is achieved through individual and collaborative projects using research and conceptual skills. Development of professional quality student portfolio. Prerequisite: ART 3740. 
         Art History    
            AHIS2020   Monuments, Media and Culture in World Art 3 cr.  This introduction to the visual arts provides a strong foundation for understanding, and appreciating human creativity across time and cultures. Students learn fundamental concepts about art, are exposed to a wide variety of artworks from around the world, and learn to observe how the visual arts reflect our respective cultures and impacts our daily lives. (Not for art majors.) 
            AED 3100   Visual Culture (AED*/AHIS) 3 cr.  Course scans the increasingly visual phenomena that influence the lives of twenty-first century people. Analytic tools of semiotics are used to look beyond the surface of visual communications to underlying content and motivations. 
            AHIS3240   Art History: Ancient to Renaissance 3 cr.  Investigation of art making across cultures from over 250,000 years of prehistory through the time of the early Renaissance. Multicultural artistic innovations across the world are charted chronologically. Using art history as a framework, human history is reflected back to us. 
            AHIS3270   Art History: Renaissance to 20th Century 3 cr.  Investigation of innovations in artwork across world cultures from the time of the Renaissance in Italy to art made across the globe in the early 20th century. 
            AHIS3290   Dynamic Detroit Architecture 3 cr.  Study of Detroit architecture in the context of the development of American society and contemporary politics. Class work is supported by required field trips to significant architectural sites. 
            AHIS3350   Asian Art: India, China, Japan 3 cr.  Focused study on the paintings, sculpture, buildings, and landscape architecture of India, china, and Japan. Artifacts and aesthetics are correlated with historic, social, and cultural forces. Emphasis is on investigation of continuing traditions and new stylistic content. 
            AHIS4160   Art History: 20th Century to Contemporary 3 cr.  Investigation of international art breakthroughs from the 20th century to the present day. Beginning with art movements that influenced the development of modernism and other “avant-garde” concepts, continuing through to contemporary expressions in the visual arts, emphasis is placed on understanding historical and cultural contexts. 
            AHIS4260   History of Modern Design 3 cr.  Investigation of the development and impact of modern design as it emerged through the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century and progressed through 20th century modernism, post-modernism, and the design trends of the 21st century. Aesthetics of modern design are analyzed, as are the philosophies and theories of the designers creating these. Students look at the relationship of design to technology, the needs of society, the environment, and industry. 
            AHIS4750   Studies in Art History 2 cr. (Not To Exceed 3 cr.)  Course allows independent research on a focused area of Art History study. Study topic, readings, research and meeting times are determined in collaboration with the instructor. Prerequisites: AHIS 3240, AHIS 3270. 
         Communication Studies    
            COM 1050   Communication Concepts and Contexts 3 cr.  Principles of communication applied to interpersonal, group, and public speaking situations. Emphasis on verbal and nonverbal communication, listening, persuasive techniques, delivery, and responding to messages. Opportunity to practice speaking skills. 
            BCA 2020   Cinema Studies (BCA*/COM) 3 cr.  Introduction to the language, art, and culture of film including the study of classic and contemporary films and their aesthetic, cultural, and social significance. 
            COM 2120   Interpersonal Communication 3 cr.  Analysis of communications skills vital to personal and professional success. Examines the role of communication in interpersonal relationships from their inception through termination. Specific areas of focus include: listening, non-verbal behavior, empathy, assertiveness, relationship development, and conflict resolution skills. 
            COM 2140   Argumentation and Persuasion 3 cr.  The study of argument as a process of inquiry and advocacy and the communicative means to change attitudes, beliefs, behaviors, as well as motivate people to action. Practical experience in: evidence, analysis and reasoning; organization and case-building; refutation and cross-examination; and audience analysis. Students apply theory to a variety of topics and contexts. 
            COM 2330   Interviewing Techniques 3 cr.  Addresses theoretical principles and communication skills essential for professional careers. Includes informative, persuasive, journalistic, health, and employment interviews. 
            COM 2350   Public Speaking: Theory and Practice 3 cr.  Focus on the building of public speaking skills needed in education, personal life, and careers in order to effectively communicate thoughts and feelings. Students evaluate the communication efforts of others and increase their critical listening skills. 
            COM 2550   Oral Interpretation of Literature (COM*/ENG) 3 cr.  The skills of expressive reading to elicit listener response to the text, using vocal and physical expression. Prose, poetry, and drama analyzed for meaning and mood. 
            BCA 2610   Television Production I (BCA*/COM/JRN) 3 cr.  Basic studio production techniques, including set-up and operation of cameras, microphones, recorders, lights, and control room equipment. Emphasis on hands-on team approach. Recommended for BCA majors during their first year. 
            ENG 3030   Children's Literature and Drama (COM/ENG*) 3 cr.  A study of the world of children’s literature and the history of children’s literature with a focus on classic and contemporary works. Materials selected with reference to the interest, needs, and abilities of children. 
            COM 3100   Small Group Communication 3 cr.  An analysis of communication interaction in small groups. Addresses group formation, decision making strategies, roles and norms, leadership, and conflict management. Students participate in classroom groups and evaluate group performance. 
            COM 3410   Acting Techniques I 4 cr.  Basic forms and methods of expression, including voice projection and diction; development of individual talents in pantomime, improvisation, acting, and oral interpretation. Lecture and laboratory. 
            COM 3420   Acting Techniques II 4 cr.  Basic forms and methods of expression, including voice projection and diction; development of individual talents in pantomime, improvisation, acting, and oral interpretation. Lecture and laboratory. 
            BCA 3440   Talent and Performance for Television and Radio (BCA*/COM) 3 cr.  Instruction and practice in performing for radio and television (as reporter, host, spokesperson, etc.), including voice, poise, and on-camera technique. Prerequisite or corequisite: BCA 2610 or BCA 2810 or permission of program director or course instructor. 
            COM 3520   Organizational Communication 3 cr.  An introduction to the major theories of communication interaction in and between organizations. Specific topic areas include: communication networks, leadership, communication ethics, communication climate, organizational persuasion, organizational culture, communication and change, and conducting the communication audit. 
            BCA 3610   Television Production II (BCA*/COM/JRN) 3 cr.  Advanced studio production techniques, with emphasis on technical directing, camera techniques, lighting methods, and integration of field-produced tapes. Prerequisite: BCA 2610 or permission of instructor. 
            WRT 4000   Rhetorical Theory & Criticism (COM/WRT*) 4 cr.  Survey of Western rhetorical theory from Classical times to the present; analysis and criticism of major theoretical and philosophical concepts concerning persuasion in speaking and writing. The influence of rhetoric on political, social, and individual thought and action. 
            JRN 4010   Mass Communication (BCA/COM/JRN*) 3 cr.  Theory of behavior in communications in general and the mass media in particular. The design and evaluation of public opinion studies and research topics in communications with emphasis on the effects that the various media have had on consumers. Required for students seeking teaching certification with a Journalism and Public Relations minor. 
            COM 4750   Topics in Communication 3 cr.  A specialized course addressing a particular area of communication. May be repeated for credit with a new topic. 
            COM 4910   Cooperative Education in Communication 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 3 cr.)  On-campus or on-the-job experience in communication (paid). Prerequisite: departmental approval. 
            COM 4930   Communication Practicum 3 cr.  On-campus or on-the-job experience in communication (unpaid). Prerequisite: departmental approval. 
         English    
            ENG 2080   Approaches to Grammar 3 cr.  A linguistics course providing an historical sketch of the development of the English language and treating the interplay between theory of language and approaches to the study of grammar. By analyzing English phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics, the course shows the changing nature of language and emphasizes how that change is influenced by politics and culture. The effects of dialect and register on communication in English are explored. Applications to teaching grammar in elementary and secondary settings are examined. 
            ENG 2230   World Literature 3 cr.  An introduction to representative literary works, both Western and non-Western, reflecting the distinctive ideals, values, and attitudes of various eras and civilizations. 
            COM 2550   Oral Interpretation of Literature (COM*/ENG) 3 cr.  The skills of expressive reading to elicit listener response to the text, using vocal and physical expression. Prose, poetry, and drama analyzed for meaning and mood. 
            ENG 2620   Language and Culture 3 cr.  How and why people communicate in the ways they do. Habitual talking, listening, and writing behaviors of individuals and groups, as well as the influences of home, community, and culture on the language structures and language uses of individuals. Culture, as it influences linguistic preference, are considered, along with methods of semiotic and discursal analysis. 
            ENG 2700   Critical Writing and Literary Analysis 3 cr.  An introduction to critical writing and literary theory and criticism. Addresses the major frameworks of literary criticism that have emerged in Western critical theory. Prerequisite: WRT 1020. Recommended during second year in major. 
            ENG 3030   Children's Literature and Drama (COM/ENG*) 3 cr.  A study of the world of children’s literature and the history of children’s literature with a focus on classic and contemporary works. Materials selected with reference to the interest, needs, and abilities of children. 
            ENG 3110   American Literature I: Beginnings to the Civil War 3 cr.  A study of American literature from the pre-colonial era to the Civil War, with an overview of relevant forms, genres, and historical contexts. Explore the diverse elements of the American experience during this time period. 
            ENG 3120   American Literature II: The Post-Civil War to the Present 3 cr.  A study of American literature from the Post-Civil War to the present, with an overview of relevant forms, genres, and historical contexts. Explores the changing values and concerns of American society as reflected in its literature from the mid-nineteenth century to twenty-first century. 
            ENG 3500   Studies in Women's Literature 3 cr.  A study of literature written by and about women, with consideration of critical approaches that have been formulated by women within relevant historical contexts. Texts explore women’s search for independence and fulfillment. 
            ENG 3540   American Folklore and Literature 4 cr.  Study and practice of the methods used to analyze folklore examine folkloristics as a discipline, and explore the relationship between folklore and literature. Students read and write about works of American literature in which folkloric phenomena have been simulated and transformed by American writers for literary purposes, and complete a collection project. 
            ENG 3630   British Literature I: Medieval to Renaissance 3 cr.  A study of British literature from the early Middle Ages to the late Renaissance. Provides an overview of relevant forms, genres, and historical contexts, including representative works of Old and Middle English as well as Renaissance epic, lyric, and drama. Considers the influences of classical literature, the Reformation, and the English civil war. 
            ENG 3640   British Literature II: Restoration to the Present 3 cr.  A study of British literature from 1667 to the present. An overview of relevant forms, genres, and historical contexts. Explores the Regency, Romantic, Victorian, Modernist, post-Modernist, and contemporary periods. 
            ENG 3710   Contemporary Literature 4 cr.  A study of contemporary authors who may be classified as Modernist or Postmodern; figures may include principal ethnic and minority writers. 
            ENG 4040   Literature for Young Adults (EDU/ENG*) 3 cr.  An overview of various genres of multicultural contemporary literature written for and marketed to young adults. Addresses major authors, illustrators, research and current controversies in young adult literature. Examines strategies for teaching young adult literature at the middle and secondary school levels. 
            ENG 4100   Approaches to Teaching Classroom Classics 1 cr.  The Approaches to Teaching offerings examine fiction and non-fiction literature as appropriate and relevant works for study in elementary, middle, and/or secondary school classrooms. Featured authors and works vary by semester. May be repeated for credit with new topic. 
            ENG 4210   Time and Literature (ENG*/HIS) 4 cr.  Interdisciplinary analysis of a particular period, event, or personality in terms of the human dilemmas and choices which are confronted. 
            ENG 4230   Voices and Visions: Modern American Poets 4 cr.  The lives and works of classic American modern poets, including Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson, Wallace Stevens, Marianne Moore, William Carlos Williams, Elizabeth Bishop, and others, explored in relationship to our own lives and works. Emphasis on ways to appreciate and enjoy the art of poetry. Videos or DVDs from the Voices and Visions television series are an integral part of the course. 
            ENG 4240   Cultural Issues in Contemporary Literature and Film 1 cr.  Interdisciplinary examinations of contemporary cultural issues through literature and film. May be repeated for credit with new topic. Four completed offerings accumulate to meet University core Goal UC-3B. 
            ENG 4450   African American Literature 3 cr.  A study of African American literature including both oral and written traditions. Emphasis is placed on canonical writers and texts in historical context. 
            ENG 4460   Ethnic American Literature 3 cr.  Focus on literature from various minority populations in America. Course content includes, but is not limited to, African American, Asian American, Arab American, Latino American, and Native American authors. Emphasis placed on the unique facets of each type of literature, as well as themes and experiences common to all ethnic groups in America. 
            ENG 4700   Studies in Literature 3 cr.  Study of a selected author(s), genre(s), or time period(s). Specific topic varies per semester. 
         Humanities    
            HUM 2020   Humanities Through the Arts 4 cr.  Telecourse introduction to artistic expression in the arts and humanities areas of: architecture, art history, drama, literature, music, painting, photography, and sculpture. Videotapes and texts, blended with monthly class sessions and writing projects. 
            HUM 2040   Expressive Thinking in the Arts and Humanities 3 cr.  Course provides a lively, engaging introduction to the study of art, history, literature, and music. Students learn to interpret human expression across these four creative areas of the humanities. 
            HUM 3050   The Idea of Justice 4 cr.  An interdisciplinary study of justice based on an analysis of humanities texts from a variety of discourse communities in order to develop an appreciation of diverse concepts and expressions of justice. 
            HUM 3080   Nature and Scope of Inquiry 3 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  Theme-based, highly interactive interdisciplinary course designed to enable students to explore the different approaches and ways of knowing that contribute to understanding and resolving complex issues, problems, or dilemmas of contemporary life. The course focuses on a compelling theme and is designed to develop the commitment to intellectual inquiry, humanistic values, and service to others as embodied in the mission of the University. 
            HUM 3090   Holocaust: Issues & Themes in the Genocide of European Jewry 4 cr.  Examination of the social and political forces and actions that enabled the Nazi regime to plan and carry out the systematic extermination of European Jewry. Analysis of the Nazi genocidal agenda, utilizing materials from history, literature, film, music, and the fine arts. An overview of the roots of anti-Semitism and of how a modern authoritarian regime employed historic stereotypes and prejudices in effectively enlisting a majority of its citizens in active or passive criminal complicity. Examination of the institutions of mass murder, the silence of church and state, and, despite this silence, the forces of resistance. Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of instructor. 
            HUM 3210   Do Animals Matter? (HUM*/SSC) 3 cr.  Examination of ethical, cultural, aesthetic, and societal conceptualizations of animals and their impact on human-animal relations as well as on uses, treatment, and legal standing of animals. Issues are discussed through the lenses of humanities and social sciences within the framework of the Franciscan tradition. This course includes an academic service-learning project. 
            HUM 4300   Humane Studies (HUM*/SSC) 3 cr.  An exploration of the interface between social justice, animal welfare, and environmental protection through the lenses of humanities and social sciences. Current issues are discussed within the framework of the Franciscan tradition. 
         Journalism    
            BCA 1010   Survey of Broadcast, Film, and Digital Media (BCA*/JRN) 3 cr.  An overview of the telecommunications industry, its technical and economic nature, and its consideration as both a product of social forces and as a social force itself. 
            ART 1710   Graphic Design I (ART*/JRN) 3 cr.  Overview of the field of graphic design, with emphasis on basic terminology, process, and procedure. The elements and principles of successful graphic design are introduced and practiced through hand-rendered and digital projects. Corequisite: ART 1720, ART 1730, or permission of instructor. 
            JRN 1320   News Reporting (JRN*/WRT) 3 cr.  Organization of the modern news organization; news values and news sources; structure of the news story; practical training in gathering and writing news stories for print and digital distribution. 
            JRN 2050   Public Relations Writing 3 cr.  Acquaints student with functions of public relations in our society and explains basic theories and principles in publicity writing and placement. 
            SM  2100   Media Relations in Sport (JRN/SM*) 3 cr.  The practical application of various techniques and strategies used in developing good public relations in and through sport. Communications and public relations theories and methods are presented and common public relations issues are analyzed in the professional, intercollegiate, and commercial sport industries. 
            BCA 2610   Television Production I (BCA*/COM/JRN) 3 cr.  Basic studio production techniques, including set-up and operation of cameras, microphones, recorders, lights, and control room equipment. Emphasis on hands-on team approach. Recommended for BCA majors during their first year. 
            BCA 2810   Field Production and Editing I (BCA*/JRN) 3 cr.  Introduction to basic concepts and practices of single camera field production, including directing theory, camera technique, sound, lighting, and editing. Preferred prerequisite or corequisite: BCA 2610 or permission of instructor. 
            JRN 2860   Editorial Writing & Feature Writing 3 cr.  Study of feature and opinion writing strategies; principles and ethics for print and digital media; the means of persuasion; nature, structure, and function of editorial and opinion articles. Prerequisite: JRN 1320 or departmental approval. 
            JRN 2910   Journalism/Public Relations Practicum/Cooperative Education 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)   
            JRN 2920   Journalism/Public Relations Practicum/Cooperative Education 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)   
            BCA 3030   Writing for Radio, TV, and Film (BCA*/JRN) 3 cr.  Theory and practice of writing scripts for radio, television, and film. Introduction to the techniques of storytelling, storyboarding, production tracking, and budgeting. Prerequisite: BCA 2610 or permission of instructor. 
            JRN 3130   Photography I (ART/JRN*) 3 cr.  Basic digital photography; principles of light, lenses, and composition; participation in all phases of digital work flow from initial composition to final image. Required for students seeking teaching certification with a Journalism minor. 
            JRN 3140   Photography II (ART/JRN*) 3 cr.  Further exploration of photography including digital and chemical-based imaging. Digital and chemical printing, negative development, archival and fine art black-and-white printing. Class culminates with a portfolio project in either print or digital media. Prerequisite: JRN 3130 or permission of instructor. 
            ART 3150   Photoshop (ART*/BCA/JRN) 3 cr.  Introduction to a variety of image processing capabilities, with an emphasis on the development of original raster images related to art, design and motion graphics. Students learn various components of Adobe Photoshop including, image conversion, compositing, color correction, manipulating layers, working with paths, and print preparation. 
            JRN 3160   News Production 2 cr.  Techniques and hands-on experience of covering beats, digging out stories, writing stories, and validating facts under pressure of deadlines through working on the school publication. Prerequisites: JRN 1320 and JRN 2860; or departmental approval. 
            JRN 3570   Editing and Design 3 cr.  Principles of editing, headline writing, page design, use of graphics in print and digital publications. May include an academic service-learning experience. Prerequisite: JRN 1320 or departmental approval. 
            BCA 3610   Television Production II (BCA*/COM/JRN) 3 cr.  Advanced studio production techniques, with emphasis on technical directing, camera techniques, lighting methods, and integration of field-produced tapes. Prerequisite: BCA 2610 or permission of instructor. 
            BCA 3750   Television News Reporting and Production (BCA*/JRN) 3 cr.  The concepts and practices of field and remote video production in electronic news gathering with emphasis on broadcast standards and ethical decision-making. Prerequisites: BCA 2610, 2810. 
            BCA 3820   Field Production and Editing II (BCA*/JRN) 3 cr.  Advanced field production and editing, with emphasis on visual and aural storytelling, creative camera and lighting techniques, shot continuity, audio, graphics, and special effects. Includes an academic service-learning experience. Prerequisite: BCA 2810. 
            JRN 3910   Journalism/Public Relations Practicum/Cooperative Education 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  On-campus or on-the-job experience in publications, publicity, or promotion work. One or more cooperative education experiences may substitute for the practicum. Prerequisite: JRN 1320, JRN 2860, and JRN 3570; or departmental approval. 
            JRN 3920   Journalism/Public Relations Practicum/Cooperative Education 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  On-campus or on-the-job experience in publications, publicity, or promotion work. One or more cooperative education experiences may substitute for the practicum. Prerequisite: JRN 1320, JRN 2860, and JRN 3570; or departmental approval. 
            JRN 4010   Mass Communication (BCA/COM/JRN*) 3 cr.  Theory of behavior in communications in general and the mass media in particular. The design and evaluation of public opinion studies and research topics in communications with emphasis on the effects that the various media have had on consumers. Required for students seeking teaching certification with a Journalism and Public Relations minor. 
            JRN 4050   Advanced Public Relations 3 cr.  Development of a variety of public relations projects for internal and external audiences, including publicity generation, media relations, on-line and print publication creation, press releases, media kits, and crisis communication. Discussion of public relations strategies and tactics, case studies, and ethical decision-making. Prerequisite: JRN 2050 or departmental approval. 
            JRN 4160   Advanced News Production 2 cr.  Writing opinion pieces; selecting stories and graphics; composing captions and headlines; designing print and online pages within constraints of news hole and budget; editing the school publication under actual deadline conditions. Prerequisite: JRN 1320, JRN 3160, and JRN 3570; or departmental approval. 
            BCA 4630   Directing and Producing for Television (BCA*/JRN) 3 cr.  The theory and practice of producing and directing television programs. Students produce and/or direct a program that meets broadcast standards. Prerequisites: BCA 2810 and BCA 3610 and permission of instructor. 
            JRN 4750   Spec Topics:Creating an Interactive & Engaging Instagram (COM/JRN*) 1 cr.   
            JRN 4910   Journalism/Public Relations Practicum/Cooperative Education 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  On-campus or on-the-job experience in publications, publicity, or promotion work. One or more cooperative education experiences may substitute for the practicum. Prerequisite: JRN 1320, JRN 2860, and JRN 3570; or departmental approval. 
            JRN 4920   Journalism/Public Relations Practicum/Cooperative Education 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  On-campus or on-the-job experience in publications, publicity, or promotion work. One or more cooperative education experiences may substitute for the practicum. Prerequisite: JRN 1320, JRN 2860, and JRN 3570; or departmental approval. 
         Music    
            MUAP1010   Piano for the Adult Beginner 2 cr.  Basic course with emphasis on fundamental technique and musicianship. Includes theory, technique, reading, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Credit not applicable toward performance major nor toward major applied music electives. 
            MUAP1020   Piano for the Adult Beginner 2 cr.  Basic course with emphasis on fundamental technique and musicianship. Includes theory, technique, reading, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Credit not applicable toward performance major nor toward major applied music electives. 
            MUAP1030   Piano for the Adult Beginner 2 cr.  Basic course with emphasis on fundamental technique and musicianship. Includes theory, technique, reading, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Credit not applicable toward performance major nor toward major applied music electives. 
            MUAP1040   Piano for the Adult Beginner 2 cr.  Basic course with emphasis on fundamental technique and musicianship. Includes theory, technique, reading, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Credit not applicable toward performance major nor toward major applied music electives. 
            MUAP1080   Chorale 1 cr.  Study and performance of sacred and secular choral literature; development of a discriminatory taste in music through experience in actual participation. 
            MUAP1090   Voice Class I 2 cr.  Practical approach to fundamentals of good singing techniques: support, vowel formation, concepts of resonance. Emphasis is on establishment of good vocal habits and exercises for development of the singing and speaking voice. 
            MUAP1100   Voice Class II 2 cr.  Continuation of Voice Class I. 
            MUAP1150   Voice 2 cr.  Voice placement; vocalization for tone production, intonation, breath control, relaxation, resonance, vowel formation, and study of the consonants; simple songs with English diction suitable to acquired technique; introduction to the Art Song: Italian Art Song, selected arias. 
            MUAP1160   Voice 2 cr.  Voice placement; vocalization for tone production, intonation, breath control, relaxation, resonance, vowel formation, and study of the consonants; simple songs with English diction suitable to acquired technique; introduction to the Art Song: Italian Art Song, selected arias. 
            MUAP1210   Piano 2 cr.  Study of keyboard theory, techniques and repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP1220   Piano 2 cr.  Study of keyboard theory, techniques and repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP1240   Organ 2 cr.  Organ technique; application to basic materials; congregational accompaniment; repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP1250   Organ 2 cr.  Organ technique; application to basic materials; congregational accompaniment; repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP1260   Violin 2 cr.   
            MUAP1270   Violin 2 cr.   
            MUAP1280   Guitar 2 cr.   
            MUAP1290   Guitar 2 cr.   
            MUAP1310   Flute 2 cr.   
            MUAP1320   Flute 2 cr.   
            MUAP1360   Saxophone 2 cr.   
            MUAP1370   Saxophone 2 cr.   
            MUAP1410   Clarinet 2 cr.   
            MUAP1420   Clarinet 2 cr.   
            MUAP1430   Viola 2 cr.   
            MUAP1440   Viola 2 cr.   
            MUAP1450   Cello 2 cr.   
            MUAP1460   Cello 2 cr.   
            MUAP1470   Harp 2 cr.   
            MUAP1480   Harp 2 cr.   
            MUAP1510   Trumpet 2 cr.   
            MUAP1520   Trumpet 2 cr.   
            MUAP1560   Low Brass 2 cr.   
            MUAP1570   Low Brass 2 cr.   
            MUAP1580   French Horn 2 cr.   
            MUAP1590   French Horn 2 cr.   
            MUAP1650   Jazz Piano 2 cr.  The study of jazz keyboard skills, theory, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Prerequisite: 2 semesters of applied piano or permission of instructor. Does not replace the applied instrument/voice requirement of any concentration. 
            MUAP1660   Jazz Piano 2 cr.  The study of jazz keyboard skills, theory, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Prerequisite: 2 semesters of applied piano or permission of instructor. Does not replace the applied instrument/voice requirement of any concentration. 
            MUAP2150   Voice 2 cr.  Voice placement; vocalization for tone production, intonation, breath control, relaxation, resonance, vowel formation, and study of the consonants; simple songs with English diction suitable to acquired technique; introduction to the Art Song: Italian Art Song, selected arias. 
            MUAP2160   Voice 2 cr.  Voice placement; vocalization for tone production, intonation, breath control, relaxation, resonance, vowel formation, and study of the consonants; simple songs with English diction suitable to acquired technique; introduction to the Art Song: Italian Art Song, selected arias. 
            MUAP2210   Piano 2 cr.  Study of keyboard theory, techniques and repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP2220   Piano 2 cr.  Study of keyboard theory, techniques and repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP2240   Organ 2 cr.  Organ technique; application to basic materials; congregational accompaniment; repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP2250   Organ 2 cr.  Organ technique; application to basic materials; congregational accompaniment; repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP2260   Violin 2 cr.   
            MUAP2270   Violin 2 cr.   
            MUAP2280   Guitar 2 cr.   
            MUAP2290   Guitar 2 cr.   
            MUAP2310   Flute 2 cr.   
            MUAP2320   Flute 2 cr.   
            MUAP2360   Saxophone 2 cr.   
            MUAP2370   Saxophone 2 cr.   
            MUAP2410   Clarinet 2 cr.   
            MUAP2420   Clarinet 2 cr.   
            MUAP2430   Viola 2 cr.   
            MUAP2440   Viola 2 cr.   
            MUAP2450   Cello 2 cr.   
            MUAP2460   Cello 2 cr.   
            MUAP2470   Harp 2 cr.   
            MUAP2480   Harp 2 cr.   
            MUAP2510   Trumpet 2 cr.   
            MUAP2520   Trumpet 2 cr.   
            MUAP2560   Low Brass 2 cr.   
            MUAP2570   Low Brass 2 cr.   
            MUAP2580   French Horn 2 cr.   
            MUAP2590   French Horn 2 cr.   
            MUAP2610   Lyric Theater 1 cr.  The study and public performance of staged productions from the operatic, light opera, and Broadway genres. Open to all students and community members. 
            MUAP2650   Jazz Piano 2 cr.  The study of jazz keyboard skills, theory, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Prerequisite: 2 semesters of applied piano or permission of instructor. Does not replace the applied instrument/voice requirement of any concentration. 
            MUAP2660   Jazz Piano 2 cr.  The study of jazz keyboard skills, theory, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Prerequisite: 2 semesters of applied piano or permission of instructor. Does not replace the applied instrument/voice requirement of any concentration. 
            MUAP3150   Voice 2 cr.  Voice placement; vocalization for tone production, intonation, breath control, relaxation, resonance, vowel formation, and study of the consonants; simple songs with English diction suitable to acquired technique; introduction to the Art Song: Italian Art Song, selected arias. 
            MUAP3160   Voice 2 cr.  Voice placement; vocalization for tone production, intonation, breath control, relaxation, resonance, vowel formation, and study of the consonants; simple songs with English diction suitable to acquired technique; introduction to the Art Song: Italian Art Song, selected arias. 
            MUAP3210   Piano 2 cr.  Study of keyboard theory, techniques and repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP3220   Piano 2 cr.  Study of keyboard theory, techniques and repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP3240   Organ 2 cr.  Organ technique; application to basic materials; congregational accompaniment; repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP3250   Organ 2 cr.  Organ technique; application to basic materials; congregational accompaniment; repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP3260   Violin 2 cr.   
            MUAP3270   Violin 2 cr.   
            MUAP3280   Guitar 2 cr.   
            MUAP3290   Guitar 2 cr.   
            MUAP3310   Flute 2 cr.   
            MUAP3320   Flute 2 cr.   
            MUAP3360   Saxophone 2 cr.   
            MUAP3370   Saxophone 2 cr.   
            MUAP3410   Clarinet 2 cr.   
            MUAP3420   Clarinet 2 cr.   
            MUAP3430   Viola 2 cr.   
            MUAP3440   Viola 2 cr.   
            MUAP3450   Cello 2 cr.   
            MUAP3460   Cello 2 cr.   
            MUAP3470   Harp 2 cr.   
            MUAP3480   Harp 2 cr.   
            MUAP3510   Trumpet 2 cr.   
            MUAP3520   Trumpet 2 cr.   
            MUAP3560   Low Brass 2 cr.   
            MUAP3570   Low Brass 2 cr.   
            MUAP3580   French Horn 2 cr.   
            MUAP3590   French Horn 2 cr.   
            MUAP3620   Ensemble: Instrumental Chamber Music 1 cr.  Study and performance of duos, trios, quartets and other combinations; open to all students by audition. 
            MUAP3650   Jazz Piano 2 cr.  The study of jazz keyboard skills, theory, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Prerequisite: 2 semesters of applied piano or permission of instructor. Does not replace the applied instrument/voice requirement of any concentration. 
            MUAP3660   Jazz Piano 2 cr.  The study of jazz keyboard skills, theory, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Prerequisite: 2 semesters of applied piano or permission of instructor. Does not replace the applied instrument/voice requirement of any concentration. 
            MUAP3720   Ensemble: Orchestra/Band 1 cr.  Rehearsal, membership, and performance in an orchestra, band, or jazz ensemble; open to all students by audition. 
            MUAP4010   Orchestration 2 cr.  Fundamentals of orchestration and arranging for instruments and voices, with an emphasis on the application of 18th to 21st century techniques. Prerequisite: four semesters of theory or departmental approval. 
            MUAP4100   Applied Composition 2 cr.  Study of music composition for acoustic and electronic media: methods; forms; orchestration; and performance techniques. Private lesson format. Prerequisites: MUS 2130, MUS 2140, MUS 2330, MUS 2340, and MUAP 4010; or permission of instructor. Does not replace the applied instrument/voice requirement of any concentration. 
            MUAP4150   Voice 2 cr.  Voice placement; vocalization for tone production, intonation, breath control, relaxation, resonance, vowel formation, and study of the consonants; simple songs with English diction suitable to acquired technique; introduction to the Art Song: Italian Art Song, selected arias. 
            MUAP4160   Voice 2 cr.  Voice placement; vocalization for tone production, intonation, breath control, relaxation, resonance, vowel formation, and study of the consonants; simple songs with English diction suitable to acquired technique; introduction to the Art Song: Italian Art Song, selected arias. 
            MUAP4210   Piano 2 cr.  Study of keyboard theory, techniques and repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP4220   Piano 2 cr.  Study of keyboard theory, techniques and repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP4240   Organ 2 cr.  Organ technique; application to basic materials; congregational accompaniment; repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP4250   Organ 2 cr.  Organ technique; application to basic materials; congregational accompaniment; repertoire designed to meet needs of individual students. 
            MUAP4260   Violin 2 cr.   
            MUAP4270   Violin 2 cr.   
            MUAP4280   Guitar 2 cr.   
            MUAP4290   Guitar 2 cr.   
            MUAP4310   Flute 2 cr.   
            MUAP4320   Flute 2 cr.   
            MUAP4360   Saxophone 2 cr.   
            MUAP4370   Saxophone 2 cr.   
            MUAP4410   Clarinet 2 cr.   
            MUAP4420   Clarinet 2 cr.   
            MUAP4430   Viola 2 cr.   
            MUAP4440   Viola 2 cr.   
            MUAP4450   Cello 2 cr.   
            MUAP4460   Cello 2 cr.   
            MUAP4470   Harp 2 cr.   
            MUAP4480   Harp 2 cr.   
            MUAP4510   Trumpet 2 cr.   
            MUAP4520   Trumpet 2 cr.   
            MUAP4560   Low Brass 2 cr.   
            MUAP4570   Low Brass 2 cr.   
            MUAP4580   French Horn 2 cr.   
            MUAP4590   French Horn 2 cr.   
            MUAP4650   Jazz Piano 2 cr.  The study of jazz keyboard skills, theory, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Prerequisite: 2 semesters of applied piano or permission of instructor. Does not replace the applied instrument/voice requirement of any concentration. 
            MUAP4660   Jazz Piano 2 cr.  The study of jazz keyboard skills, theory, and repertoire designed to meet the needs of the individual student. Prerequisite: 2 semesters of applied piano or permission of instructor. Does not replace the applied instrument/voice requirement of any concentration. 
            MUAP4770   Film Scoring I 2 cr.  First semester of a three-term sequence, beginning with study and utilization of computer software and hardware for composition for film and video. Prerequisites: MUS 1800, MUS 1130, MUS 1140, MUS 1330, MUS 1340, and basic keyboard skills demonstrated by proficiency examination. Some experience in musical composition is recommended. 
            MUAP4780   Film Scoring II 2 cr.  Continued study of methods of composing, arranging, and orchestrating music for film and video, using music technology. Prerequisite: MUAP 4770 or permission of instructor. 
            MUAP4790   Film Scoring III 2 cr.  Studies leading to composition of a feature-length film score, in collaboration with Broadcast and Cinema Arts senior seminar students. Prerequisites: MUAP 4770 and MUAP 4780, or permission of instructor. 
            MUS 1130   Theory I 3 cr.  Fundamental harmonic, rhythmic, and melodic practices of the 18th and 19th centuries, including major and minor keys, intervals, cadences, primary triads in root and inverted positions, through an integrated visual/aural/compositional approach. Must be taken concurrently with MUS 1140, Sight-singing and Ear Training I. 
            MUS 1140   Sight-singing and Ear Training I 1 cr.  Basic aural, visual, and vocal experiences in dictation and singing at sight: includes major and minor scalar and diatonic chordal outlines, rhythms in simple meter, and major and minor triads. Must be taken concurrently with MUS 1130, Theory I. 
            MUS 1330   Theory II 3 cr.  Continuation of Theory I, including secondary, diminished, and augmented triads, non-chord tones, melodic composition, and secondary dominants, through an integrated visual/aural/compositional approach. Must be taken concurrently with MUS 1340, Sight-singing and Ear Training II. 
            MUS 1340   Sight-singing and Ear Training II 1 cr.  Continuation of basic aural, visual, and vocal experiences in dictation and singing at sight; includes melodies constructed of primary triads, rhythms in compound meter, and major, minor, and diminished triads in inversion. Must be taken concurrently with MUS 1330, Theory II. 
            MUS 1800   Introduction to Music Technology 2 cr.  Includes basic computer operations, study of hardware (including MIDI) and software for aural skill study, music notation and scoring, and music instruction. Basic knowledge of music fundamentals, piano keyboard, and personal computers is recommended. 
            MUS 2020   Music Through the Ages 3 cr.  Introduction to music designed especially for the non-musician to increase understanding and enjoyment of music through intelligent listening habits. Includes music literature together with life and thought during major historical eras; contemporary composers and new trends. General education course for non-majors; credits do not apply to music majors. 
            MUS 2030   Musical Encounters 3 cr.  An introductory course in music based on the study of compositional principles, such as melody, harmony, rhythm, texture, and form, as applied to major works of art music and twentieth century American music. General education course for non-majors; credits do not apply to music majors. 
            MUS 2130   Theory III 3 cr.  Continuation of Theory II, including fundamental harmonic, rhythmic, and melodic practices of the 18th and 19th centuries, including secondary chords, modulation, mode mixture, through an aural/visual/compositional approach. Must be taken concurrently with MUS 2140, Sight-singing and Ear Training III. 
            MUS 2140   Sight-singing and Ear Training III 1 cr.  A continuation of aural, visual, and vocal experiences in sight singing and dictation; includes modulations to closely related keys, compound intervals, rhythmic sub-divisions, chromatic chords. Must be taken concurrently with MUS 2130, Theory III. 
            MUS 2330   Theory IV 3 cr.  Continuation of Theory III, including fundamental harmonic and melodic practices of the 18th, 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries through an integrated visual/aural/compositional approach. Must be taken concurrently with MUS 2340, Sight-singing and Ear Training IV. 
            MUS 2340   Sight-singing and Ear Training IV 1 cr.  A continuation of Sight-Singing and Ear Training III; includes the study of unusual and mixed meters, syncopation, chromatic inflection, remote modulation, and modal scales. Must be taken concurrently with MUS 2330, Theory IV. 
            MUS 3090   Music for the Classroom Teacher (EDU/MUS*) 2 cr.  Development of the basic knowledge of the melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic elements of music; introductory experiences in reading and playing music using the autoharp, guitar, piano, and recorder. The course is particularly designed for but not limited to, the elementary school teacher. Prerequisite: EDU 2000. 
            MUS 3110   Diction 1: English and Italian 1 cr.  The basics of English and Italian lyric diction, designed for singers and teachers of singing, including the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. 
            MUS 3120   Diction 2: German and French 1 cr.  The basics of German and French lyric diction, designed for singers and teachers of singing, including the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Prerequisite: MUS 3110 or department approval. 
            MUS 3330   History of Music Literature I 3 cr.  Development of music from pre-Christian beginnings through the Baroque period with emphasis on music form, style, literature, and composers. 
            MUS 3340   History of Music Literature II 3 cr.  Development of music from the Classical period to the present with emphasis on musical form, style, literature, and composers. 
            MUS 3540   Piano Pedagogy I 2 cr.  Intensive study of methods and materials in piano teaching as applied to beginning and intermediate students. 
            MUS 3550   Piano Pedagogy II 2 cr.  Continuation of MUS 3540 as applied to the advanced student. 
            MUS 3630   Strings Pedagogy 2 cr.  Group study of strings; technical differences, capabilities, peculiarities, ranges, bowings, etc., sufficient to teach beginning students effectively in groups. Designed for the middle and secondary school teacher. 
            MUS 3650   Woodwinds Pedagogy 2 cr.  Group study of winds: technical differences, capabilities, peculiarities, ranges, etc., sufficient to teach beginning students effectively in groups. Designed for the middle and secondary school teacher. 
            MUS 3660   Brass Pedagogy 1 cr.  Group study of brass: technical differences, capabilities, peculiarities, ranges, etc., sufficient to teach beginning students effectively in groups. Designed for the middle and secondary school teacher. 
            MUS 3670   Percussion Pedagogy 1 cr.  Group study of percussion: technical differences, capabilities, peculiarities, ranges, etc., sufficient to teach beginning students effectively in groups. Designed for the middle and secondary school teacher. 
            MUS 3910   Music Management Cooperative Education I 2 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  Specialized learning experiences related to music management, under supervision of authorized personnel. Prerequisite: approval of advisor. 
            MUS 4020   Contrapuntal Techniques 2 cr.  Aural and visual acquaintance with contrapuntal music of the 17th and 18th centuries; writing of music involving techniques characteristic of the period. 
            MUS 4030   Form & Analysis 2 cr.  Structural elements of musical composition as applied to form, from the simple song forms to the sonata-allegro form; melodic, harmonic, and structural analysis of representative works. 
            MUS 4040   Conducting & Performing Techniques 2 cr.  Integrated course with emphasis on baton technique, score reading, and arranging. Lecture 1 hour, laboratory 2 hours. 
            MUS 4070   Choral Techniques 2 cr.  Integrated course in development of choral tone, blend, balance, articulation and appropriate baton techniques, score preparation, style, and rehearsal procedures. 
            MUS 4170   Church Music (MUS*/RST) 2 cr.  The practice of church music in Catholic and Protestant traditions; a survey of music literature for liturgical purposes; principles of church music administration and program organization. 
            MUS 4750   Special Topics in Music 2 cr.  Special topics in music involving material of timely, special, or unusual interest not contained in the regular course offerings. 
            MUS 4800   Teaching Music at the Elementary Level 2 cr.  Methods and materials for teaching general music in the classroom, as well as the study of standards, methods, materials, and rehearsal techniques for the elementary vocal and instrumental programs. 
            MUS 4850   Teaching of Music at the Secondary Level 2 cr.  Study of standards, repertoire, techniques, and materials of choral and instrumental music for the middle and high school music programs. 
            MUS 4910   Music Management Cooperative Education II 2 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  Specialized learning experiences related to music management, under supervision of authorized personnel. Prerequisite: approval of advisor. 
         Philosophy    
            PHL 1010   Introduction to Philosophy 3 cr.  A study of the meaning of philosophy, basic philosophical concepts, terminology, methods, problems, systems, and schools. Core requirement for Pastoral Ministry majors and minors. Requirement for Religious Studies majors and minors. 
            PHL 1050   Philosophy of Person 3 cr.  An analysis of human experience and nature found through examination of the questions about the nature of reality, knowledge, values, freedom, and destiny. (Recommended for students interested in the human sciences and psychology.) 
            PHL 1550   Introduction to Ethics (PHL*/RST) 3 cr.  Examination of the field of ethics and tools for ethical decision-making. Overview and analysis of significant philosophical approaches to ethical questions, as a basis for study of contemporary ethical issues. 
            PHL 2010   Logic 3 cr.  A study of the three acts of the mind: understanding, judgment, and reasoning. Both inductive and deductive reasoning are studied and practiced. The traditional syllogism and the basics of symbolic logic are covered. Course includes a study of informal fallacies. 
            PHL 2850   Philosophy of Law (PHL*/RST) 3 cr.  A critical survey of the three basic questions of the philosophy of law, via ontology (What is law?), epistemology (how do we know about law?), and ethics (why should we obey the law?). Entails a study of what makes a legal system legitimate, the difference between (religious) morality and the law, legal theory, penology, and police ethics. 
            RST 2990   Principles of Catholic Social Doctrine (PHL/RST*) 3 cr.  An examination of the major principles of Catholic social doctrine and Franciscan values through a study of papal and episcopal documents and the witness of St. Francis of Assisi. Focus on the ways in which Catholic social justice teachings are applied and shape law, culture, politics, and social policy. 
            PHL 3150   Existentialism 3 cr.  A study of the major themes of the philosophical approach of existential phenomenology which forms the intellectual foundation of much of modern thought and literature. (Recommended for students interested in art, music, and literary criticism.) 
            PHL 3310   Philosophy of Science 3 cr.  A study of the philosophy of science, reflecting on the philosophical presuppositions of modern scientific inquiry and a philosophical consideration of the nature of the world in which we live. (Recommended for students interested in science and math.) 
            PHL 3650   Philosophy of Knowledge 3 cr.  An examination of the philosophical problems connected with the questions of how human beings know what they know, and how they know whether that knowledge is true or not. (Recommended for students interested in psychology.) 
            PHL 3750   Special Topics in Philosophy 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  Focus on specialized topics of philosophical inquiry. Topics vary; may be repeated for credit with a new topic. PHL 1010 may be a prerequisite in some cases. 
            RST 4080   Moral Issues in Business (PHL/RST*) 3 cr.  Review traditional philosophical theories of ethics; examine principles of Christian morality, particularly those dealing with ethics from a Catholic perspective; investigate areas in the American marketplace that raise ethical concerns (e.g., injustices in the American economic system). 
            RST 4090   Environmental Ethics (PHL/RST*) 3 cr.  A study of moral/ethical dilemmas of equitable and responsible stewardship over creation. Judeo-Christian/Franciscan, non-western perspectives of contemporary issues of war and peace, abundance and want, stewardship and domination, excess and poverty, etc., are explored. 
            RST 4110   Medical Ethics (PHL/RST*) 3 cr.  An academic study of contemporary moral issues relative to modern health care, life science, and future issues in the light of Judeo-Christian convictions. Prerequisite: junior or senior status. 
            PHL 4150   Philosophy of Religion (PHL*/RST) 3 cr.  Study of the relationship between philosophy and religion by highlighting philosophy’s role in the inquiry into the validity, value, and meaning of man’s concern with the existence and nature of the Ultimate Reality: God. (Recommended for students interested in the liberal arts.) 
            PHL 4230   Metaphysics (PHL*/RST) 3 cr.  The study, from a philosophical perspective, of the core issues of reality: the fundamental constituents of existence; the nature of God, truth, goodness, and the beautiful; with discussion of some of the solutions to metaphysical problems that have been proposed throughout the course of human history. Prerequisite: any other philosophy course or permission of the instructor. 
         Religious Studies    
            RST 1330   Survey of Christianity 3 cr.  A survey of Christianity, its origins, teachings, customs, and rituals, as well as its historical highlights and impact on world beliefs, with special emphasis on how the life of St. Francis of Assisi exemplifies Franciscan values. 
            RST 1450   Survey of Western Religions 3 cr.  A survey of religions of the Western hemisphere, with particular focus on Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, their historical backgrounds, religious beliefs, liturgies, customs, and values. 
            RST 1460   Survey of Eastern Religions 3 cr.  A survey of the major religious traditions of Asia, including Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, Inner Asian Shamanism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Shinto; their historical backgrounds, cultural contexts, beliefs, meanings, values, and customs. 
            RST 1500   Catholicism 3 cr.  Study of the doctrines, practices, and persons formed by and reflective of the Catholic tradition in history and in the Vatican II ecumenical experience, and particularly as epitomized in St. Francis of Assisi and in Franciscan values. 
            PHL 1550   Introduction to Ethics (PHL*/RST) 3 cr.  Examination of the field of ethics and tools for ethical decision-making. Overview and analysis of significant philosophical approaches to ethical questions, as a basis for study of contemporary ethical issues. 
            RST 2150   History of the Church 3 cr.  An examination of the history of the Church from its earliest beginnings in Palestine through the Second Vatican Council. All major and significant episodes of the history of the Church are covered, with more in-depth study of the Crusades and the Protestant Reformation. Students are also provided some familiarity with Christian thinkers who have made significant contributions to Church doctrine and theology. 
            RST 2240   Theology of Ministry 3 cr.  A study of the biblical foundations, theology, history, and development of the Christian concept of “ministry” or service with focus on the apostolate and contributions of the laity in the life of the Church, the priestly ministry, and lay ecclesial ministry. 
            RST 2560   Old Testament: Torah & Historical Writings 3 cr.  An in-depth study of the Hebrew Scriptures, from the Pentateuch to the historical writings, with special focus on major historical events that form the foundation of Judaism, and Old Testament theological themes of creation, election, exodus, covenant, exile, monotheism, and fidelity. 
            RST 2570   Old Testament: Prophets and Wisdom Literature 3 cr.  A study of the Books of the Prophets and the Wisdom and Deuterocanonical Literature, with an emphasis on their historical background, role in the development of Judaism, and theological significance. Particular focus on Old Testament themes of election, covenant, exile, monotheism, faithfulness, and justice. 
            RST 2580   New Testament: The Four Gospels 3 cr.  A study of the historical development and foundations of the four Gospels, with special focus on themes and theological perspectives unique to each and on the distinctive approaches of the four evangelists to the life, message, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. 
            RST 2590   New Testament: Acts, Epistles & Revelation 3 cr.  A study of the development of the Christian Church in the first century A.D., of the epistles that reflect its unique concerns, and of the historical background, symbolism, and theology of the Book of Revelation. 
            PHL 2850   Philosophy of Law (PHL*/RST) 3 cr.  A critical survey of the three basic questions of the philosophy of law, via ontology (What is law?), epistemology (how do we know about law?), and ethics (why should we obey the law?). Entails a study of what makes a legal system legitimate, the difference between (religious) morality and the law, legal theory, penology, and police ethics. 
            RST 2990   Principles of Catholic Social Doctrine (PHL/RST*) 3 cr.  An examination of the major principles of Catholic social doctrine and Franciscan values through a study of papal and episcopal documents and the witness of St. Francis of Assisi. Focus on the ways in which Catholic social justice teachings are applied and shape law, culture, politics, and social policy. 
            AGE 3030   Spirituality of Aging (AGE*/RST) 1 cr.  Explores the spiritual tasks of the later years with an emphasis on integrating an understanding of those tasks into the practitioner's own journey of aging and into their professional work with older adults. 
            RST 3100   Franciscan Values, Social Justice, and Service 3 cr.  Study of the life and legacy of Francis of Assisi as a prism for exploring social justice issues and the key Franciscan values not only essential to the Catholic perspective on the world and human existence, but also relevant to the perspectives of other religious traditions of the world. Analysis of the implications for addressing ecological responsibility and the call to justice, peace, and respect for all persons. 
            RST 3150   Christian Spirituality 3 cr.  Study of the Christian experience of the relationship between God and God’s people as reflected in the history of the Christian religion. Examination of the major schools and figures that have contributed to Christian approaches to union with God through the practice of the Christian life, prayer, mysticism, and contemplation. 
            RST 3220   Catholic Moral Theology 3 cr.  Focus on Catholic moral decision making and the Catholic moral tradition. Examination of the scriptural and natural law foundation for morality, the freedom of the will, and the objective good, with an in-depth comparison of modern moral theories such as proportionate good, situation ethics, etc., with the school of moral absolutes. Consideration of such topics as sexual morality, contraception, abortion, the ethics of war and self-defense, truth-telling, and conscience and the formation of conscience. 
            RST 3310   Mary, the Madonna, Woman of Faith 3 cr.  A study of Mary’s role and significance in the covenant of redemption, with an examination of Mary in Scripture, Church teaching and tradition, prayer, liturgy, art, and music. 
            RST 3400   Jesus Across the Millennia 3 cr.  A scriptural, historical, and theological investigation of Jesus of Nazareth and of his impact on history, including in relation to both historical and contemporary social and cultural developments. 
            IDS 3410   Sustainability: Vision and Values (IDS*/RST) 3 cr.  Interdisciplinary overview of the concepts of sustainability, including its origins in spiritual traditions and its environmental, social, and economic dimensions. Allows for individualized exploration of topics such as food systems, climate, public policy, renewable energy, and green building. 
            RST 3490   Worship and Sacraments 3 cr.  Overview of the historical, theological, spiritual, and cultural aspects of the Christian worship of God with a focus on the meaning of Christian prayer, symbols, and ritual. Includes an examination of the biblical roots and development of the seven sacraments of the Church. 
            RST 3530   Marriage & the Family (FCS/RST*/SOC) 4 cr.  Marriage and family studied from the Biblical, theological, economic, technological, and sociological aspects. (Interdisciplinary.) Prerequisite: junior or senior status. 
            RST 3610   Pastoral Counseling 3 cr.  Introduction to the field of pastoral care and counseling. A presentation of theological, pastoral, and psychological foundations of pastoral care and counseling; investigation of skills and techniques for this special type of caregiving; and analysis of various areas of need typically encountered by those involved in pastoral ministry. 
            RST 3750   Special Topics: Philosophy in Film and Other Media 3 cr.   
            RST 4080   Moral Issues in Business (PHL/RST*) 3 cr.  Review traditional philosophical theories of ethics; examine principles of Christian morality, particularly those dealing with ethics from a Catholic perspective; investigate areas in the American marketplace that raise ethical concerns (e.g., injustices in the American economic system). 
            RST 4090   Environmental Ethics (PHL/RST*) 3 cr.  A study of moral/ethical dilemmas of equitable and responsible stewardship over creation. Judeo-Christian/Franciscan, non-western perspectives of contemporary issues of war and peace, abundance and want, stewardship and domination, excess and poverty, etc., are explored. 
            RST 4110   Medical Ethics (PHL/RST*) 3 cr.  An academic study of contemporary moral issues relative to modern health care, life science, and future issues in the light of Judeo-Christian convictions. Prerequisite: junior or senior status. 
            RST 4140   Life/Death Issues 4 cr.  Intensive study of death, bereavement, grief, and mourning. In addition to physical death, topics include alienation, aging, separation, personal violation, and social and phenomenological death. Prerequisite: junior or senior status. 
            PHL 4150   Philosophy of Religion (PHL*/RST) 3 cr.  Study of the relationship between philosophy and religion by highlighting philosophy’s role in the inquiry into the validity, value, and meaning of man’s concern with the existence and nature of the Ultimate Reality: God. (Recommended for students interested in the liberal arts.) 
            RST 4160   Ecclesiology 3 cr.  Examination of the theology of Church: its nature, founding, authority, scriptural foundations and background, its communal structure, sacramental nature, salvific purpose, relation to the Incarnation, Mary, and the Eucharist, and the role of the laity. 
            MUS 4170   Church Music (MUS*/RST) 2 cr.  The practice of church music in Catholic and Protestant traditions; a survey of music literature for liturgical purposes; principles of church music administration and program organization. 
            RST 4220   Christian Awareness 3 cr.  A study of the New Testament challenge to wholeness based on the command to love God, self, and others. Contemporary helps and hindrances to that quest examined in the light of ecumenical developments. 
            PHL 4230   Metaphysics (PHL*/RST) 3 cr.  The study, from a philosophical perspective, of the core issues of reality: the fundamental constituents of existence; the nature of God, truth, goodness, and the beautiful; with discussion of some of the solutions to metaphysical problems that have been proposed throughout the course of human history. Prerequisite: any other philosophy course or permission of the instructor. 
            RST 4240   Christology 3 cr.  An exploration of the person of Christ and his salvific mission, tracing the development of christological thought over the centuries, through the biblical materials, the work of theologians, conciliar decisions, modern and contemporary discussions, and ecumenical dialogue. 
            RST 4930   Internship 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 3 cr.)  Participation in a service-oriented capacity in an apostolate, ministry, or parish, usually lasting a semester. Written reflection on the experience. Prerequisite: permission from the department chair. 
            RST 4940   Internship 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 3 cr.)  Participation in a service-oriented capacity in an apostolate, ministry, or parish, usually lasting a semester. Written reflection on the experience. Prerequisite: permission from the department chair. 
         Sign Language Studies    
            SLS 1000   Sign Language in Society 3 cr.  A survey of American Sign Language and Deaf culture. Emphasis on Sign language structure, history, and usage. Discussion of a sociocultural perspective of Deaf people including readings from anthropology, sociology, linguistics, and education. Includes an examination of American attitudes toward Sign language and Deaf culture. May be used in partial fulfillment of general education Goal GE-5B. 
            SLS 1010   Beginning American Sign Language I 4 cr.  Development of basic ASL communication skills with appropriate vocabulary and grammatical structures. Emphasis on communicative and linguistic functions. Prerequisite or corequisite: SLS 1000. Thirty hours of laboratory practicum required. Note: 3 cr. of SLS language courses may be used in fulfillment of general education Goal GE-6. 
            SLS 1020   Beginning American Sign Language II 4 cr.  Development of basic ASL communication skills with appropriate vocabulary and grammatical structures. Emphasis on communicative and linguistic functions. Prerequisite: SLS 1010. Thirty hours of laboratory practicum required. Note: 3 cr. of SLS language courses may be used in fulfillment of general education Goal GE-6. 
            SLS 2010   Intermediate American Sign Language I 4 cr.  First level of immediate instruction and review of ASL grammatical features with further development of communication functions at the intermediate level. Prerequisite: SLS 1020 or placement. Thirty hours of laboratory practicum required for SLS 2010. 
            SLS 2020   Intermediate American Sign Language II 4 cr.  Second level of immediate instruction and review of ASL grammatical features with further development of communication functions at the intermediate level. Prerequisite: SLS 2010 or placement. Thirty hours of laboratory practicum required for SLS 2020. 
            SLS 2110   Orientation to Deafness 3 cr.  A survey of clinical and developmental aspects of hearing and deafness. Includes discussion of basic audiology, deaf education, and communicative implications of hearing loss. Prerequisite: SLS 1000. 
            SLS 2310   Deaf Culture 3 cr.  A survey of sociocultural factors that define Deaf persons as members of a cultural minority. Examination of Deaf history, exploration of cultural characteristics of Deaf persons, and an examination of contributions of Deaf persons to American society. Corequisite: SLS 2020. May be used in partial fulfillment of general education Goal GE-5B. 
            SLS 2450   Deafness & Community Resources 3 cr.  History and evolution of community resource development as a contributing force behind social change within the Deaf Community. Covers topics such as education, vocational rehabilitation services, community mental health programs for Deaf persons, and community service agencies (national, state, and local). Prerequisite: SLS 1000. 
            SLS 3010   Advanced American Sign Language I 3 cr.  Advanced American Sign Language development with a focus on English and ASL content and text analysis to increase student vocabulary and understanding of ASL syntactical patterns. Communicative dialogues will emphasize sociocultural aspects of deafness. Prerequisite: SLS 2020 or departmental approval. 
            SLS 3020   Advanced American Sign Language II 3 cr.  Continued advanced ASL development with further emphasis on sociocultural and historical considerations of deaf heritage. Prerequisite: SLS 3010 or departmental approval. 
            SLS 3290   Fingerspelling & Numbers in ASL 2 cr.  Concentrated instruction in practice of fingerspelling, numbering, and loan signs at increasing levels of complexity. Corequisite: SLS 2020 or placement. 
            SLS 3410   Fundamentals of Interpretation & Transliteration 3 cr.  Introduction to the theory, practice, and criticism of interpretation and transliteration: simultaneous and consecutive. Study of various models of the interpreting and transliterating processes, problems of linguistic and communicative equivalence, historical foundations, and professional issues. Prerequisite: cumulative GPA of 3.0 in SLS courses; departmental approval. 
            SLS 3470   Deaf People & the Law 2 cr.  Presents the history and evolution of civil rights laws affecting individuals in the Deaf Community and the impact on integration into society. Details federal laws, such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, as well as state special education laws, laws governing interpreters, housing, employment and other related laws and regulations that affect the daily lives of Deaf citizens. 
            SLS 3810   American Sign Language: Registers 3 cr.  An examination of the impact of register (frozen, informal, formal, consultative, and intimate) on language. Emphasis on identification and practice of vocabulary and grammatical constructs specific to a variety of situations and registers in ASL, with exploration of parallels in English. Prerequisite: SLS 3010. 
            SLS 4010   American Sign Languages: Discourse 3 cr.  Ongoing interaction in Sign Language. Students are required to prepare lectures, presentations (informative, descriptive, etc.), and conduct interviews in American Sign Language. Prerequisite: SLS 3020 or departmental approval. 
            SLS 4040   ASL Literature & Drama 3 cr.  The use of American Sign Language as a form of storytelling, poetry, and drama. ASL literature is analyzed and incorporated as part of receptive/expressive language development and advanced skills enhancement. Includes exploration of the canons of Deaf literature and drama. Prerequisites: SLS 3020 and/or departmental approval. 
            SLS 4220   Sign Language Structure 4 cr.  Analysis of the symbolic and linguistic structure of American Sign Language and other Sign systems. Includes aspects of phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, grammar, and discourse. Examination of bilingual and bicultural practices, sociolinguistics, and related research. Prerequisites: SLS 3010 and/or departmental approval. 
            SLS 4250   Contrastive Text Analysis: ASL & English for Interpreters 3 cr.  Analysis of various texts in ASL and English to identify structures unique to one language or the other. Problems of translation and/or interpretation. Includes discussion of cross-cultural communication between deaf and hearing cultures. Prerequisite: SLS 3020. 
            SLS 4450   Simultaneous Interpretation for Interpreters 3 cr.  A practical course in the process of interpreting from ASL to English and from English to ASL. Emphasis is on a sociolinguistic model of interpretation. Related linguistic processes are examined. Prerequisite: SLS 3410. 
            SLS 4610   Voice to Sign: Interpreting Laboratory 3 cr.  Development of skills in voice to Sign interpreting. Audio- and videotaped discourse is interpreted into ASL, and recorded and analyzed with the instructor. Prerequisites: SLS 3410; cumulative 3.0 average within SLS department, and/or departmental approval. 
            SLS 4710   Selected Seminar Topics 1 cr.  Workshops or seminars include topics related to the Deaf community, Deaf culture, Sign Language, education, and related issues. (May be repeated for credit, as topics vary.) 
            SLS 4750   Interpreting in Specialized Settings 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 3 cr.)  Emphasis on specialized settings in which interpreters are expected to function. A range of interpreting settings and situations is examined, such as: deaf/blind, hospital/medical, religious, and community-based situations. Prerequisite: SLS 3410. 
            SLS 4810   Sign to Voice: Interpreting Laboratory 3 cr.  Focus on Sign to voice interpreting. Videotapes and in-class speakers provide interpreting exercises for the student. Sign to voice techniques discussed and put into practice. Prerequisites: SLS 3410; cumulative 3.0 average within SLS department, and/or departmental approval. 
            SLS 4850   Advanced Interpreting Laboratory 2 cr.  A targeted, in-depth synthesis of voice-to-sign/sign-to-voice skills for both interpreting and transliterating. Includes individual and peer assessment through analysis of weekly laboratory assignments. Discussion and practice of specialized techniques and settings, such as team interpreting, video relay interpreting, and sight interpreting. Prerequisites: SLS 4610 and SLS 4810, or departmental approval. 
            SLS 4900   Interpreter Assessment & Credentialing 2 cr.  Preparation for state and national certification examinations for professional interpreters. Exposure to the written and performance testing experience. Requires successful completion of state written examination and completion of national written qualifying examination. (Examination fees include membership in the Michigan Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf and the Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf.) Includes opportunities for students to experience simulated examinations. Corequisite: SLS 4610 and SLS 4810, or departmental approval. 
            SLS 4930   Field Observation 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 2 cr.)  Observation of sign language interpretation within the community in a variety of settings including educational, religious, medical, legal, corporate, and others. Corequisite: SLS 4450 and departmental approval. 
            SLS 4940   Field Practicum: ASL Interpreting 2 cr.  Practicum conducted in settings equipped to provide application of interpreting/transliterating principles. Includes in-depth experiences in delivering interpreting services within the confines of state and national law. Provides experiences with various age groups, language preferences, and interpreting models reflective of current practices in the profession. Requires guided reflection with instructor on regular basis. Prerequisite: SLS 4930. 
            SLS 4941   Field Placement: Deaf Community Studies 3 cr.  Observation and practicum in community-based service organizations and agencies, educational programs, vocational rehabilitation, or related areas. Documentation of placement-related experiences with on-site personnel. Requires guided reflection with instructor on regular basis. Prerequisite: SLS 2450 and SLS 3470, and departmental approval. 
         World Languages    
            CHN 1010   Beginning Mandarin Chinese I 3 cr.  Introduction to speaking, listening, and reading in basic Mandarin Chinese, with the emphasis on speaking and listening. Students are expected to express the sound system (pinyin), engage in daily conversation, and use basic sentence patterns, and to learn to recognize approximately 100 Chinese written characters. Analysis of aspects of Chinese culture. 
            CHN 1020   Beginning Mandarin Chinese II 3 cr.  Practice in Mandarin Chinese speaking, listening, and reading to a high beginning level, with emphasis on speaking and listening. Learning to recognize an additional 100 Chinese written characters. Analysis of aspects of Chinese culture. Prerequisite: CHN 1010. 
            CHN 1100   Mandarin Chinese for Business 3 cr.  Development of business communication skills in Mandarin Chinese, including the effective use of: industry and workplace-specific vocabulary; expressions; and business-oriented situational dialogues. The comprehension and practice of basic social norms and modes of interaction in China. Assumes no prior background in Mandarin Chinese. 
            CHN 2010   Intermediate Mandarin Chinese I 3 cr.  Developing proficiency in spoken and written Mandarin Chinese to a low intermediate level. Reading and writing of Chinese characters emphasized. Analysis of aspects of Chinese culture. Prerequisite: CHN 1020. 
            CHN 2020   Intermediate Mandarin Chinese II 3 cr.  Developing proficiency in spoken and written Mandarin Chinese to an intermediate level. Emphasis on reading and writing. Analysis of aspects of Chinese culture. Prerequisite: CHN 2010. 
            JPN 1010   Beginning Japanese I 4 cr.  Introduction to the rudiments of spoken and written Japanese. Focus on the four language skills: speaking, listening, reading, and writing, particular emphasis on speaking and listening. Introduction of hiragana and katakana writing systems, as well as to a limited number of Chinese characters (Kanji). Close attention to the social and cultural context of Japanese language. 
            SPA 1030   Elementary Spanish I 3 cr.  Basic skills for mastery of the Spanish language: listening, speaking, reading, and writing, with a focus on grammatical structures and syntax. To be taken in sequence. 
            SPA 1040   Elementary Spanish II 3 cr.  Basic skills for mastery of the Spanish language: listening, speaking, reading, and writing, with a focus on grammatical structures and syntax. To be taken in sequence. Prerequisite: SPA 1030. 
            SPA 2230   Intermediate Spanish I 3 cr.  Development of the ability to communicate in Spanish with a focus on vocabulary building, grammar, reading, writing, and conversation. To be taken in sequence. Prerequisite: SPA 1020. 
            SPA 2240   Intermediate Spanish II 3 cr.  Development of the ability to communicate in Spanish with a focus on vocabulary building, grammar, reading, writing, and conversation. To be taken in sequence. Prerequisite: SPA 2230. 
         Writing    
            WRT 1000   Writing Workshop 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 3 cr.)  Individualized instruction for students developing college-level writing skills. Working with tutors in the Writing Center for a prescribed number of hours per week is a requirement for this course. May be repeated for a maximum of three semester hours. (Does not apply to any major or minor in the Language, Literature, Communication, and Writing department.) 
            WRT 1150   Writing Review 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 3 cr.)  Individualized instruction for transfer students who would benefit from a review of college-level writing and research skills. Working with tutors in the Writing Center for a prescribed number of hours per week is a requirement for this course. May be repeated for a maximum of three semester hours. (Does not apply to any major or minor in the Language, Literature, Communication, and Writing department.) 
            JRN 1320   News Reporting (JRN*/WRT) 3 cr.  Organization of the modern news organization; news values and news sources; structure of the news story; practical training in gathering and writing news stories for print and digital distribution. 
            WRT 2050   Creative Writing 3 cr.  Writing and study of poetry, fiction, and plays at an introductory level. Includes discussion, writers’ workshops, and regular conferences with the instructor. Students contribute to the production of a class electronic publication. Prerequisite: WRT 1020. 
            WRT 2440   Technical Writing 3 cr.  Theory and application of technical writing principles. Topics include an introduction to the technical communication environment, ethical and legal considerations, the basics of writing and analyzing technical documents, collaborative writing, and design principles for documents and Web sites. Students create a variety of technical documents for inclusion in their final e-portfolios. Prerequisite: WRT 1020 or equivalent. 
            WRT 3100   Advanced Composition 3 cr.  Advanced study and application of the rhetorical elements of invention, form, and style in nonfiction writing. Emphasis on strategy and style in appealing to a variety of audiences. Class meetings include writers’ workshop format. Prerequisite: WRT 1020. 
            WRT 3250   Writing Creative Nonfiction 4 cr.  Exploration of the craft of creative nonfiction, concentrating on rhetorical features and borrowings from other literary genres. Writing memoir, poetic essays, literary journalism, essays of place, or literary approaches to narrative in scientific writing. Students share work in progress and render feedback on the work in progress of others. Prerequisite: WRT 2050. 
            WRT 3260   Business & Professional Writing (BUS/WRT*) 3 cr.  A study of the strategies and stylistic devices which lead to clear, concise, and complete business writing. Various types of business letters, memoranda, proposals, and reports are examined and developed. Prerequisite: WRT 1020. 
            WRT 3440   Advanced Technical Writing 3 cr.  Continued study and application of technical writing principles. Topics include communicating persuasively, designing documents and Web sites, using graphics, evaluating and testing documents and Web sites, and learning key applications for creating a variety of technical documents. Introduction to technical communication software. Students create a variety of technical documents for inclusion in their final e-portfolios. Prerequisite: WRT 2440 or equivalent. 
            WRT 3490   Publication Software for Technical Writers 3 cr.  In-depth learning in the use of technical communication software with multi-channel, multi-device publishing capabilities: developing standards-compliant content, publishing this content in various formats, working collaboratively on writing projects, incorporating images, and adding demos and simulations. Students create a variety of technical documents, using principles and strategies learned in the technical writing course sequence, for inclusion in their final e-portfolios. Prerequisite: WRT 3440. 
            WRT 4000   Rhetorical Theory & Criticism (COM/WRT*) 4 cr.  Survey of Western rhetorical theory from Classical times to the present; analysis and criticism of major theoretical and philosophical concepts concerning persuasion in speaking and writing. The influence of rhetoric on political, social, and individual thought and action. 
            WRT 4750   Topics in Writing 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 4 cr.)  Advanced writing experience focusing on a single genre. Includes writing experience, the study of professional texts, participation in small-group writing workshops, and individual conferences with instructor. May be repeated in new topic for credit. Prerequisite: WRT 2050 or departmental approval. 
            WRT 4910   Cooperative Education in Writing 1 cr. (Not To Exceed 3 cr.)  On-campus or on-the-job experience (paid) with professional writing assignments. Includes bi-monthly discussion of co-op experiences with peers and regularly scheduled consultations with the instructor. Prerequisite: WRT 3440. 
            WRT 4930   Writing Practicum 3 cr.  On-campus or on-the-job experience (unpaid) with professional writing assignments. Includes bi-monthly discussion of co-op experiences with peers and regularly scheduled consultations with the instructor. Prerequisite: WRT 3440. 
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